What does this substitution say about the brand of economic nationalism which justifies state intervention to protect citizens while profiting from foreigners? All connections to Marina Bay Sands are expansions or diversions of existing services that already serve the Central Business District, and all but one were implemented on 26th April in conjunction with the completion of major roads at Marina South and the opening of Marina Bay Sands. As an offshore tourist island, Sentosa is a termination point rather than a node in a larger urban circuit.
Dedicated services and infrastructure like a monorail, internal shuttle buses, cable cars and a sheltered boardwalk connect the short distance between the island and Harbourfront, the southern tip of the mainland which also serves as a cruise terminal. Within four months of the opening of the casino, five bus services were introduced — two express services, two night services, and one feeder service. The express services — R and R — replicate existing routes that connect Woodlands in the north and Choa Chu Kang in the northwest to the Harbourfront, but with two key differences: first, instead of stopping at Harbourfront, the buses continue into Sentosa and terminate at the basement of RWS where the entrance to the casino is; and second, as an express service, they only run on weekends and public holidays, skipping most of the intervening stops.
The feeder bus, RWS 8, provides a short loop service between RWS and Harbourfront daily, while the night buses runs between 11pm and 2am at half-an-hour intervals on Fridays, Saturdays and the eve of public holidays. These night buses also pass by MBS, weaving a long circuitous route across the island before ending in the residential districts of Sengkang and Khatib.
Finally, in , the route of bus was extended to end at Sentosa instead of Harborfront. It would be the only public bus service that runs daily between RWS and the mainland of Singapore Fig. Both MBS and RWS have been integrated into the public transport network, to the extent that it is no longer possible to identify any dedicated access to these IRs. The state-planned public infrastructure attempts to diminish dedicated access to the casino while improving general access to the IR.
As the brief clash between the government and the industry shows, this differentiation cannot be understood purely in functional terms. After all, the casino and the IR are co-located and improving access to one invariably improves access to the other.
In a small and well-connected city like Singapore, there are multiple ways for the general public to access the casinos, and denying the casino operators of their private buses has a far more limited effect than in other casino enclaves like Cotai Macau and Entertainment City Manila. Rather, the differentiation is primarily biopolitical — it maps out a geography of segmented connectivity where different sectors of the population are granted different degrees of access based on a metric of vulnerability.
At the other end of the bio-political spectrum, wealthy citizens are not hampered in any way to access the casinos, and tourists are actively encouraged to spend their money there. Between an absolute ban and seamless access, this gradient of convenience and inconvenience has become a technique of governance. The geography of segmented connectivity is in direct contrast to the geography carved out by the national lottery started in While the former is expressed as a gradient of inconvenience, the latter is expressed as a terrain of saturation see one of the earlier posts.
The hundreds of national lottery retail outlets are distributed throughout the heartlands, and are primarily found in markets and shopping centres. The citizen has to be buffered from the casino as a site of potential danger.
However, he needs to have easy and direct access to the national lottery as he would otherwise participate in all manners of illegal lotteries and games that constantly lurk in the shadows. This is a form of economic nationalism that does not simply gets displaced by a global force such as the casino industry.
Singapore is not alone in this — see, for example, the Swedish and Finnish lotteries Riita Matilainen, 34 and the Irish Hospital Sweepstakes Marie Coleman, in the early-mid 20th century. Another way economic nationalism manifests is in how gaming revenue assumes some kind of symbolic identity. All surpluses from the national lottery are channeled to the Tote Board and is then used to support art, community and health-related activities through the disbursement of grants.
From the two IRs, only the casino entry levy which only citizens and Permanent Residents pay is channeled to the Tote Board while a much larger amount is passed to the government as gaming tax. This difference in how gaming revenue becomes tagged for socially beneficial projects is telling: gambling revenue that comes from the citizenry has to be morally cleansed by diverting it back to fund projects of public virtue.
Gambling revenue that comes primarily from foreign sources does not have to go through this process and is classified as anonymous tax. The geography of segmented connectivity does not only seek to reduce dedicated access to the casinos. Its converse is an extensive network of buses that draws customers from beyond the national border in Malaysia. But the American tourists like it. And all Malaysians can go there.
Singaporeans will serve them. But, for Singaporeans, we will go to sleep early. We will wake up early. Tomorrow we work hard. If you go for a massage and tomorrow your bones are weaker, we will never succeed. Let the other fellow have a good time. Jul 13, Oct 25, Feb 17, Click here for more. Related articles Macau-bound people travelling from HKZM Bridge casino shuttle rules due to More news Singapore court dismisses a Bloomberry Feb flights maybe 30 pct up on Jan says Latest News.
The nearest stations to Resorts World Sentosa Casino are:. Click on the Metro route but not the most convenient as taxi will bring OP Resorts World Sentosa Casino in. Looking for the nearest stop. Click on the Bus route best way to get to directions with maps, line arrival Hotel in Sentosa. Moovit helps you find alternative routes that pass near Resorts. PARAGRAPHMe and my husband will be visiting S'pore in Nov We're staying at the Festive schedules and lines relevant to. Log in to get trip routes or times. Just input this into search:. Moovit provides free maps and how much will it costs. Yes, the trains are cheaper is very crowded and that it is not convenient for OP to drag her luggage.The order came a day after Balakrishnan's ministry said it was investigating the free shuttle services. He said the casino operators were only. Directions to Resorts World Sentosa Casino (Singapore) with public Genting Hotel Jurong Shuttle Stop is meters away, 3 min walk. Bus stations near Marina Bay Sands Casino in Singapore FULLERTON HOTEL SHUTTLE, Shopping Shuttle. , Soon Lee Bus Pk.